[New 2020] Powers and Functions of Prime minister| Prime Minister of India

Prime Minister- Powers and Functions 2020

powers and functions of prime minister
powers and functions of prime minister

Introduction:- Power and Function of Prime Minister

1) In India, the Parliamentary form of government has been adopted; therefore, there is a distinction between the Real and the Nominal Executive.

2) The President of India is the Nominal Executive and the Council of Ministers is the Real Executive.

3) Article 74:-,” There shall be a council of ministers with Prime minister as its head to aid and advice the President who shall in the exercise of his function act in accordance with such advice”.

4) The office of the Prime Minister is the most powerful office in the Indian Political system.

5) The Prime minister stands at the top of power mechanism in a parliamentary form of government which is also known as ‘Prime Ministerial form of government’.

6) He is the pivot and the centre of gravity of the Union government.

7) He is the most powerful person in India… like the captain of the ship.

Powers and Function of the Prime Minister:-

• Article 75(1), “The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President.”

• The President appoints the leader of the majority party in Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister.

• The President used his discretionary powers while appointing the Prime Minister in such situations like:-

* When no party got the majority in the Lok Sabha.
* When the Prime Minister dies or Resign the office.

Qualification:-

A) The constitution does not lay down any formal qualification for the office of the Prime Minister.

B) The Prime Minister may be a member of any House of the Parliament.

Tenure:-

• The PM holds office so long as he enjoys the confidence of the majority in the Lok Sabha.

Powers and Function of the Prime Minister:-

The Prime Minister has multiple roles as the Administrative Head, the political chief executive, the leader of the Lok Sabha, and the leader of the nation.

A) Formation of the Council of Minister:-

• Article 75, provides that the Prime Minister is appointed by the President and other ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

• While appointing Council of Minister, He keeps in his mind-

I. He must include people of different castes, religions, etc.
II. He must give representation to all the states, UTs, and regions.

B) Removal of Ministers:-

• No minister can stay in the council of ministers against the wishes of the Prime Minister.

• The PM can demand the resignation of such a minister. If a particular minister does not resign then the PM can ask the President to dismiss him or he can submit his own resignation.

• The Ministers can be removed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.

C) Leader of the Cabinet:-

• The PM is the chairman or the leader of the cabinet.

• He convenes the meetings, prepares the agenda for the meetings, and controls and guides the discussion in the meetings.

• The PM is the Maker, the Leader, the Chairman, and the Destroyer of the Cabinet.

D) Coordination among different departments:-

• The PM acts as the General Manager and the Chief Coordinator.

• It is his responsibility to coordinate the activities of all the departments and to secure co-operation amongst all the departments.

• For these purposes, he called the meetings of different departments and coordinate their work.

E) The link between the President and the Council of Ministers:-

• The PM is the main link between the President and the Council of Ministers.

• No minister has direct access to the President except with the permission of the PM.

F) Leader of the Parliament:-

• The PM is not only the leader of the party, but He is also the leader of the Lok Sabha and the Leader of the Parliament.

• He announces the major policies of the nation on the floor of the Parliament.

• He decides the complete agenda of the house in consultation with the speaker of the Lok Sabha.

Prime Minister- Powers and Functions 2020, power and function of prime minister, powers and functions of prime minister, powers and functions of prime minister of india

G) Director of Foreign Affairs:-

• The PM acts as the Chief Architect of India’s foreign relations. He is responsible for India’s prestige and participation in International relations.

• The PM is the chief promoter of India’s National interest and plays an important role in International conferences and Negotiations.

H) Role in Economic Planning:-

• He plays a leading role in all fiscal and development planning.

• All important decisions related to financial matters are made by him.

• He plays a very significant role in the process of socio-economic modernization.

I) Power of appointment:-

• Formally the appointments to high posts are made by the President, yet in reality, the lists are prepared by the PM. the approval of the President is just a formality.

• These appointments include the Governors, the Attorney General, the Auditor, the Ambassadors, the Consulars, etc.

• All the high ranking appointments and promotions are made by the President on the advice of the PM.

J) As a Chief Administrator:-

• The PM is the Real Chief Executive of the nation and as he is the head of the administration who has full power to implement the programs and fulfill promises of the party.

K) Role as the Leader of the Nation:-

• The PM is the leader of the Nation.

• He is the channel through which all other Nations deal with India.

• He alone can speak for the Indian Republic.

Prime Minister and NITI Aayog:-

• On 1 Jan 2015, Planning Commission was replaced by NITI Aayog and PM was made the ex-officio chairman of it.

• He appoints the vice-chairman and executive officer of the NITI Aayog.

Position of The Prime Minister:-

• He in the Indian context is endowed with immense powers, which makes him a very powerful constitutional ruler in the world.

• He is the general coordinator of their activities.

• He presides over the cabinet meetings, conferences with individual ministers, encourage, and instructs them.

• He can ask any minister to resign.

• In the Indian system of parliamentary democracy. The PM is the actual ruler or the real chief executive.

• He enjoys vast administrative, legislative, and emergency powers.

• He provides leadership in policy formulation and implantation and provides the vital link between the govt and the people, between the govt and the President, etc.

• He is the most powerful citizen of our country.

• The Prime Minister plays an important role in policy making, planning, legislation, decision-making, etc.

Changing Role and Power of Prime Minister

We have studied that due to parliamentary form of government the position of the Prime Minister is very powerful and impressive. He is not only the chief of the government but he is the chief of the nation as well as of the parliament. So the nation always looks towards him for leadership.

But due to the emerging trend of coalition governments in centre and states, the position, power, and function of the prime minister have also starting affected.

So, the role of the Prime Minister becomes quite shaky and changing and the following factors are responsible for it –  

a) He is bound to follow the common minimum program – 

Before the formation of the coalition government, common minimum program doubt, and the Prime Minister is bound to obey this program he has to function within the limits of this common minimum program.

b) Bound to take Partner of Political Parties Along with – 

The prime minister has to take the partner parties along with, because of the displeasure of any party that can cause the fall of the government.

Mr. H.D Deve Gowda and I.k Gujral had to leave their office as Prime Minister because of the displeasure of Congress Party.

c) Lack of Independence in the formation of the Council of Ministers – 

In a coalition government, the Prime Minister is not independent in the formation, re-organization, and the removal of any minister.

He has to take approval from the partner parties.

d) Prime Minister and distribution of Portfolios –

In parliamentary system to distribute portfolios among different ministers is the authority of the Prime Minister. He distributes portfolios according to the capability and seniority of the ministers included in the Council of Ministers.

But this is not the case in a coalition government. The leaders of different parties who are part of the ruling combination prepare the list of their members to be included in the Council of Ministers and they also decide about the portfolios to be allotted to them and the Prime Minister is almost bound to accept their recommendations.

e) Confusion about the stability of the Government –

A coalition government is an unstable government. No coalition government in centre has completed its tenure except the government of National Democratic Alliance by Sh. Atal Behari Vajpayee. 

A Prime Minister who is always concerned about the stability of the government cannot be a successful Prime Minister.

f) Prime Minister and Ranking of Minister – 

The members of the Council of Minister are divided into three categories or rank such as Cabinet Ministers, Minister of State, and Deputy Ministers. This ranking of the Ministers is done by the Prime Minister.

But in a coalition government, this ranking is done on the basis of the partner political parties and Prime Minister is bound to do that.

g) Lack of Political Homogeneity – 

There is a lack of political homogeneity in a coalition government. It has a negative effect on the working structure of the government. The leaders of different Political Parties produce different sounds so the position of the Prime Minister becomes pathetic. 

Can Prime Minister Become A Dictator?

The box of power and function of the Prime Minister makes him a formidable figure and many people are of the view that he can become a dictator.

All the administrative, legislative, financial and policy-making powers are in the hands of Prime Minister. Against his wishes, no bill can be passed in the Parliament. He has complete rule over the pulse of the nation. But all this does not mean that the Prime Minister can become a dictator because he has to to keep in mind the following limitations – 

a) Control of the Parliament 

Prime Minister enjoys the confidence of the majority party in the parliament, yet there are some inalienable powers of the Parliament which he cannot take away from it such as – 

i) Right to criticism

ii) Right to know

iii) Right to move the no-confidence motion, adjournment motion, cut motion, etc.

All these are the measures to draw the attention of the public towards the weaknesses of the government.

b) Control of Public Opinion –

In a democracy, the supreme power is vested with the people and the Prime Minister knows it fully well that after a fixed period he has to go to the people again.

c) Constitution – 

The Prime Minister can do nothing which is contrary to the constitution.

d) Media –

The media plays an important role to make the government responsible, therefore, Prime Minister cannot ignore the criticism of the government made by the media.

Conclusion:-

• In the end, we can conclude, the PM is the star affection of parliamentary democracy.

• He is the leader of the Govt, Parliament, Party, and the Nation, and in case of an emergency, the People look towards him.

• The strength of the PM is the strength of the Nation.

Prime Minister- Powers and Functions 2020, power and function of prime minister, powers and functions of prime minister, powers and functions of prime minister of india

Power and Function of Prime Minister [FAQ]

What are the powers and functions of Prime Minister?

The Prime Minister has multiple roles as the Administrative Head, the political chief executive, the leader of the Lok sabha, and the leader of the Nation.
Continue reading

What are the qualifications of Prime Minister?

The constitution does not lay down any formal qualification for the office of the Prime Minister.

What is the position of the Prime Minister?

In the Indian system of parliamentary democracy. The PM is the actual ruler or the real chief executive. He enjoys vast administrative, legislative, and emergency powers.

What is the tenure of Prime Minister of India?

The PM holds office so long as he enjoys the confidence of the majority in the Lok Sabha.

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