Fundamental duties of indian constitution – In this article, we cover all the 11 fundamental duties in the constitution of India. Part IVA of the Indian Constitution deals with Fundamental Duties. As of now, there are 11 Fundamental duties.
Introduction – Fundamental Duties of Indian Constitution
Fundamental duties of indian constitution – There is a close relationship between rights and duties, therefore, these are known as the two sides of the same coin. We cannot enjoy rights in the absence of duties, initially, the duties were not included in the original constitution of India. It was felt that the people were more worried about their rights whereas, they were indifferent towards duties. Therefore, the need was felt to include duties into the constitution and for this purpose, the 42nd amendment was made in the constitution in 1976 and Part-IVA (Article-51 A), was included by which duties were included into the constitution.
After this, in December 2002, the 86th amendment was made into the constitution and 11th duty was included.
Fundamental Duties of Indian Constitution
51A. Fundamental Duties – It shall be the duty of every citizen of India –
a) To abide by the constitution and respect it’s ideas and institutions, the National Flag and National Anthem –
India has its own constitution which was drafted and enacted by the Indians and promulgated on January 26, 1950. The constitution determines the relations between the individual and the state and describes the organization of the government. It is the duty of every individual to respect this constitution and abide by it.
Similarly, India has its own flag and national anthem. These are the symbols, of our freedom and to respect these is the duty of every Indian.
b) To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom –
India’s independence is the outcome of the long struggle for freedom by Indians. This struggle started as far as back as 1857. The struggle for freedom was based on some high principles and ideas, such as – non-violence(ahimsa), cooperation, non-discrimination, etc.
The Indian seems to have forgotten these noble ideas after independence. For this reason, it has been provided that it is the duty of every citizen of India, to cherish, and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
c) To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India –
We have one constitution, one national language, and a common history and despite the diversity of color, religion, and language, we are Indians.
However, it is a matter of great concern that India is faced with some external and internal threats, to the unity and integrity of the country.
In the Preamble to the constitution, India has been declared a sovereign state. However, to remind the people, these, duty has been included in the constitution.
d) To defend the country and render national services when called for –
India is our country and we are proud of being its citizens. As citizens of this country, we enjoy a number of facilities. The state protects our life, property, and liberty and pledges to make our lives better.
In turn, we all have the duty to defend the country and render national services when called upon to do so.
e) To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversity; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women –
India having different religion and wide cultural diversities exist among the people living in different states and regions. This diversity is an obstacle in the development of the feeling of common brotherhood among the Indians and it is our fundamental duty to develop the feeling of mutual love and to promote the feeling of national unity and integrity.
It is also provided that we have to renounce the custom that aims at humiliation upon women. It is also, our duty to respect women.
f) To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture –
The culture and heritage of India is very rich and great. But gradually we are ignoring this, and are being influenced by the impact of western culture. For this reason, there is a need to preserve the rich heritage and composite culture of the nation.
Respect elders, love for animals and flora and fauna, non-violence, patience etc, are the high values of Indian culture and to respect these is our duty.
g) To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife and to have compassion for the living creature –
India is very rich in natural and material resources like forests, rivers, lakes etc, and the development of the country depends largely on these natural resources. It is essential to protect the natural resources of our country. So, it is our duty to protect these resources.
h) To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of enquiry and reforms –
Majority of the people are still slaves of superstitions and social evils, because, of not getting an adequate education. It is a matter of great pain that even in the 21st century, the people of India are worshipping the graves, practice animal sacrifices, etc.
To get rid of all this there is a need to develop the scientific temper, humanism, and the Spirit of inquiry and reform.
i) Protection of Public Property and to adjure violence –
Public property belongs to society as a whole. But, generally, we consider public property as no man’s property and make no efforts to protect it. As day by day, violence is increasing, it leads to huge loss of public property and also human life. The burning of trains, buses, and murder etc, becomes routine these days.
In order to stop all this, the protection of public property and to abjure violence has been made our fundamental duty.
j) To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activities so that nation constant rises to higher level of endeavour and achievements –
Every citizen should make efforts to attain excellence in the field of his work and activities so, that our nation will move towards excellence.
k) To provide opportunities of education to the children by their Parents –
86th constitutional amendment was made in December, 2002, which made Right to Education a Fundamental Right for the children upto age of 14 years. Along with, it has been made the duty of the parents to provide opportunities for education to their children between the age of 6 and 14 years.
Importance of Fundamental Duties of Indian Constitution –
a) Helpful in the enjoyment of the Rights-
It is said that rights and duties are two sides of the same coin meaning that we cannot think of the one in the absence of the other. Both are complementary to each other.
b) Create a sense of Duty –
Mostly the people are concerned about their rights only and they do not bother about the duties. But with the inclusion of duties in the constitution the people have become aware of their duties also.
c) Create Patriotism –
The fundamental duties included in the constitution are high ideals that promote a sense of patriotism among the citizens. This makes the citizens first to think of the nation and to be ready to sacrifice everything for the country.
d) Guiding Principles –
Fundamental duties included in the constitution of India are also guiding principles for the citizens. These urges an individual to strive for excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activities so that the nation constantly rises to a higher level of achievement.
e) Educative Significance –
The fundamental duties included in the constitution have their educative value also. These are high values which every citizen should respect and follow. These are high ideals that had inspired the national struggle for freedom. The composite culture of India, scientific temper, humanism, and spirit of inquiry and reform etc, are certain values that every Indian must imbibe.
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How many fundamental duties are in the Indian Constitution?
11 Fundamental duties – the 86th amendment was made into the constitution and 11th duty was included.
What is Article 51 A of the Constitution?
51A. Fundamental Duties – It shall be the duty of every citizen of India – read more…
What are fundamental duties of indian constitution?
the need was felt to include duties into the constitution and for this purpose, the 42nd amendment was made in the constitution in 1976 and Part-IVA (Article-51 A), was included by which duties were included into the constitution.
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