Introduction – Essay on Republic Day

Essay on Republic DayRepublic Day is celebrated annually as it is the anniversary day of India to become an independent republic. Though India’s declaration of Independence was signed on 15th August 1947, the constitution which was written for independent India came into the effect on January 26, 1950.

On 26th January 1950, the government of India adopted the constitution, since 26th January is celebrated as Republic day of India.

It was on this day in 1929 when the declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress as opposed to the Dominion status offered by the British Regime.

essay on republic day
essay on republic day

History of Republic Day

Republic Day reminds us of our Indian national struggle, it reminds us how the Indian National Congress with the help of youth, makeable to achieve its demand of Purn Swaraj. The struggle for freedom was based on some high principles and ideas, such as – non-violence(ahimsa), cooperation, non-discrimination, etc. For this reason, Republic Day is celebrated by all the Indians with high zeal and enthusiasm.

The preamble which is also known as the Introduction of our Indian constitution declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular and republic state. These are the Ideals and aspirations of our constitution, and to fulfill the ideal of republic state – The head of the state is elected directly or indirectly by the people (unlike monarchy).

Republic Day reminds us of the sacred values enshrined in the constitution of India. 26 January is a day of national pride. Display of grand military pride shows and reminded us that the security of our territorial sovereignty is the outcome of many sacrifices. 

Also, republic day reminds us that how powerful is our constitution. It is the largest written democratic constitution in the world. It provides for a bond of federalism and Unitarianism with flexibility and rigidity. Since its inauguration on 26th January 1950, the Constitution of India has been successfully influenced the direction and progress of India.

Like the constitution of the various other constitutions of the world, the constitution of India is also written one. There are 448 articles in 25 parts and 12 schedules in the Indian constitution. The written constitution brings certainty and definiteness and it is easy to understand for a common man.

The constitution of India provides for Rule of Law for which our constitution is indebted to the constitution of the British. The rule of law means that the law is supreme over a person and the constitution is equal for all.

Republic Day 2020 Celebrations –

There are cultural programs in schools, republic day speeches, competitions in various sports programs, essays related to Indian national freedom movement and many more. All over India, people in different parts of different states hoist flags and sing – National Anthem written by Rabindranath Tagore.

The President of India presides over the parade of Indian Armed Forces in the capital of the nation – New Delhi. The parade is organized on Rajpath from Vijay Chowk to India Gate.

During this parade, the armed forces display their military performance with high enthusiasm. All the states and union territories of India display their cultural presentation which shows that India is a secular as well as a federal state.

On this day, bravery awards are given to the children and citizens of the country to inspire and motivate the people and bring them a feeling of nationalism and patriotism.

essay on republic day
essay on republic day

To mark the special occasion of Republic Day, a grand parade is held in nation capital – New Delhi, starting from Raisina Hill close to Rashtrapati Bhavan, along the Rajpath, past India gate and on to the historic Red Fort within the old quarter of the city. Different infantry, cavalry and mechanized regiments of the Indian army, the Indian navy and the Indian Air Force march in formation, decked in all their finery and official decoration.

The President of India, who is also the Commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute. The chief guest of the parade is a head of state of another nation. The parade conjointly includes several ancient traditional dance troupes, to symbolize the cultural heritage of Bharat.

It traditionally ends with a colorful flypast by Airforce jets in a beautiful tiranga formation. Similar parades are held in the capitals of all the states of Hindustan, where the governor of the individual states takes the salute. Republic Day 2020 is also celebrated in the same manner with high enthusiasm by all the Indians.

Importance of Republic Day

Importance of Republic Day – India was dominated by the British Empire for many years. It was on 15 August 1947, that India got its freedom from the domination of British rule. Then almost two and half years later it became the Democratic Republic. The Drafting Committee was given the task of planning the permanent Constitution of India in August 1947.

Dr. B R Ambedkar was the presiding chairman of the Drafting Committee. He submitted to the Assembly the Constitution of India on 4 November 1947. However, it was on 26 January 1950 that the Constitution of India was fully enforced under the model of “Purna swaraj”.

On Republic day all the Indians are remembering the martyrs of the brave youth of motherland and vow to make India a better and peaceful nation.

The Republic Day of India recalls us the date on which the constitution of India came into force by replacing the Government of India Act 1935 as the governing document of India on 26th January 1950.

In short, the importance of republic day is that, the day recalls us of our workable constitution which is the result of many hardworking hands.

Essay on the Republic Day – Constitution of India

Republic Day recall us of the fulfillment of the pledge that was made on the Midnight of Independence as a “tryst with destiny”. It is a future-oriented, a vision of India that we nourish, an acceptance of responsibility and making of promises as well as a recapitulation of the achievements. 

The step of framing the constitution puts a spotlight on B.R. Ambedkar whose indefatigable labor and sharp insight help the preparation of the document.

The difference in significance marks the variation in the pattern of the celebration of two national days. On Independence Day, the past is recalled whereas, on Republic Day, the pledge is renewed. 

Independence day has rhetoric built in the celebration; Republic Day is without speeches. It is the only ceremony in which rhetoric is in the background and visuals are given priority.

Significance of Republic Day 2020

The Primary significance of republic day is to remind the success of our workable constitution. The first word of the Preamble –  “We, the people”– signifies that the power is ultimately vested in the hands of the people of India. 

The Preamble lays down the most essential national goals which every citizen and the government must try to achieve, such as socialism, secularism and national integration.

Preamble –

We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a- Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic and to secure to all its citizens

a) Justice –  social, economic and political

b) Liberty of thoughts, expression, belief, faith, and worship;

c) Equality of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all

d) Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation.

Important words in the Preamble –

Sovereign

The word sovereign means Supreme or independent. India is internally and externally sovereign – externally free from the control of any foreign power and internally, it has a free government, which is directed elected by the people and makes the law that governs the people.

Socialist

It implies social and economic equality. Social equality in this relation means the absence of discrimination on the grounds of caste, color, creed, sex, religion, language, etc. 

Under social equality, everyone has equal status and opportunities. Economic equality means that the government will endeavor to make the distribution of wealth very equal and provide a decent standard of living for all.

Secular

It implies equality of all religious and religion tolerance. India, therefore, does not have an official state religion. Every person has the right to preach, practice and propagate any religion, he or she chooses.

The government must not favor or discriminate against any religion. It must treat all religions with equal respect.

Democratic

India is a democratic country. The people of India elect their governments at all levels (Union, state and local) by a system of universal adult franchise popularly known as “One man one vote”.

Every citizen of India, who is 18 years of age and above and not otherwise debarred by law, is entitled to vote. Every citizen enjoys this right without any discrimination.

Republic

As opposed to a monarchy, within which the head of state is appointed on the hereditary basis for a lifetime or until he abdicates from the throne, a democratic republic is an entity in which the head of state is elected, directly or indirectly, for a fixed tenure.

The President of India is elected by an electoral college for a term of five years. The Post of the President of India is not hereditary. Every citizen of India is eligible to become the President of the country.

Conclusion – Essay on Republic Day

Essay on Republic Day – As India is a secular state with diverse religions and cultures, many festivals are celebrated in India with lots of fun and joy. The significance and importance of Republic Day is that it is celebrated by all categories of the nation without making any discrimination.

The Republic Day recollects the spirit, pride, and patriotism among the citizens. All the nations take the pledge to be good citizens and make their country a better and peaceful place to live.

essay on republic day

Read more about – Essay on Republic Day

What is the importance of Republic Day?

India was dominated by the British Empire for many years. It was on 15 August 1947, that India got its freedom from the domination of British rule. Then almost two and half years later it became the Democratic Republic.

When did India get Republic?

26 January 1950 – On 26th January 1950, the government of India adopted the constitution, since 26th January is celebrated as Republic day of India.

What is Republic Day in India essay?

Republic Day reminds us of our Indian national struggle, it reminds us how the Indian National Congress with the help of youth, makeable to achieve its demand for Purn Swaraj.

How do we celebrate Republic Day?

All over India, people in different parts of different states hoist flags and sing – National Anthem written by Rabindranath Tagore. The President of India presides over the parade of Indian Armed Forces in the capital of the nation – New Delhi.

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